Hello 1-GSM Visitors, Graves disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland. It is also known as toxic diffuse goiter or Basedow’s disease. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism. In Graves disease, the immune system produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland, causing it to produce more hormones than the body needs.
The symptoms of Graves disease can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include weight loss, increased appetite, rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, anxiety, tremors, and fatigue. Graves disease can also cause eye problems such as bulging eyes, double vision, and sensitivity to light.
The exact cause of Graves disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Women are more likely to develop Graves disease than men, and it often occurs between the ages of 20 and 40.
Graves disease is diagnosed through a combination of physical exams, blood tests, and imaging tests. The doctor will check for symptoms such as an enlarged thyroid gland, rapid heartbeat, and eye problems. Blood tests will check for levels of thyroid hormones and antibodies. Imaging tests, such as a thyroid scan or ultrasound, can also help diagnose Graves disease.
Treatment for Graves disease aims to reduce the production of thyroid hormones and alleviate symptoms. This can be done through medication, radioactive iodine therapy, or surgery. Medications such as beta-blockers and anti thyroid drugs can help reduce symptoms and slow down the production of thyroid hormones. Radioactive iodine therapy involves taking a pill that contains radioactive iodine, which destroys the thyroid gland cells. Surgery is a last resort and involves removing all or part of the thyroid gland.
If left untreated, Graves disease can lead to complications such as osteoporosis, heart problems, and eye problems. Eye problems can include bulging eyes, double vision, and even vision loss. In rare cases, Graves disease can lead to a life-threatening condition known as thyroid storm, which involves a sudden and severe increase in thyroid hormones.
Making certain lifestyle changes can help manage Graves disease. These include eating a healthy diet, avoiding foods that can interfere with thyroid function, reducing stress, and getting regular exercise.
Graves disease is a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you are experiencing symptoms of Graves disease, it is important to see a doctor right away. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, most people with Graves disease can live a healthy and normal life.
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