Hello 1-GSM Visitors! Have you ever heard of Sjögren syndrome? It is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the moisture-producing glands, such as the salivary and tear glands, resulting in dryness of the mouth and eyes. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Sjögren syndrome.
Causes of Sjögren Syndrome
The exact cause of Sjögren syndrome is unknown. However, it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, which means that the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells and tissues in the body. This results in inflammation and damage to the moisture-producing glands, leading to dryness of the mouth and eyes.
There are also some risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing Sjögren syndrome, such as being a woman, being over 40, and having a family history of autoimmune diseases.
Symptoms of Sjögren Syndrome
The most common symptoms of Sjögren syndrome are dryness of the mouth and eyes. Other symptoms may include:
- Dry skin
- Dry cough
- Joint pain and stiffness
- Difficulty swallowing
- Swollen salivary glands
Some people with Sjögren syndrome may also experience complications, such as dental decay, oral thrush, and corneal damage.
Treatment of Sjögren Syndrome
There is no cure for Sjögren syndrome, but treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent complications. The treatment plan may include:
- Artificial tears and saliva
- Moisturizers for dry skin
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for joint pain
- Immunosuppressive drugs to reduce inflammation
- Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
In addition, it is important to practice good oral hygiene and see a dentist regularly to prevent dental complications.
Sjögren syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the moisture-producing glands, resulting in dryness of the mouth and eyes. While there is no cure for Sjögren syndrome, treatment can help relieve symptoms and prevent complications. If you think you may have Sjögren syndrome, it is important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan. See you again at our other interesting article!